Cutting the Carbs

Insulin is a hormone that is produced by the pancreas. Its actions are widespread and profound on the body and they mostly target metabolism of sugar and starches (carbohydrates), fats and proteins. It is required by most cells in the transport of glucose across the cell membrane and the pancreas releases it in response to elevations in blood glucose. More is needed when foods high in carbohydrates are digested and less is needed during exercise and physical activity. Insulin resistance (IR) is a condition in which the cells become less sensitive to the effects of insulin. Cellular receptors for insulin do not properly respond to insulin and the pancreas produces more in order to keep blood glucose (sugar) levels controlled. A major point to understand is the ‘disconnect’ between calories consumed and calories utilized. When horses consume more calories than they need, they store the calories as fatty tissue. When they…

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